If for some reason you are cut off from the main sewers, you become solely responsible for the sewage disposal at your home. Luckily, with the ever present technological advancements, the industry has been making rapid improvements to existing treatment systems. It is even possible to treat sewage so effectively that the resultant effluent can be reintroduced into your water supply without any health risk. There are many treatment options out there, but you have to be careful when making your choice so as to maximise their efficiency. If you are a homeowner hoping to install an efficient domestic sewage treatment system, here are some helpful tips.
Many on-site sewage treatment systems often require electricity to function. Ensure the energy requirements of your home complies with the system you are interested in. The power supply should be protected by a Residual Current Breaker (RCD) to prevent short-circuiting that may be caused by the wet conditions. An armoured cable should be used to transfer power to protect it from outdoor conditions. Isolate the circuit and install a switch outside the main line which will allow for easy installation and repair without having to cut off the mains.
Pick the correct size.
Always make sure the system you choose is compatible with the requirements of your home. Installing a system that is too small to handle the waste load will overload it and affect the sanitary conditions around your home. One that is too large will only increase your costs for no apparent reason. The system sizes are often indicated by a Population equivalent (PE) that gives an idea of the maximum number of people it can accommodate. The PE gives a useful estimate but doesn't always mean the number of actual people served. For instance, a good size for a three-bedroom house is 5PE which roughly translates to 3000 litres capacity.
Choose a productive system.
Some domestic sewage treatment plants may break down the waste aerobically in the presence of oxygen, while others do so anaerobically. The ubiquitous septic tanks normally have a single chamber that processes waste anaerobically. These are hailed as some of the cheapest options available. However, the maintenance costs can be very high to solve the many hiccups encountered such as desludging. Opt for advanced systems with two or more chambers that process the waste both anaerobically and aerobically. The extra chambers for aerobic breakdown mean the effluent is safer. There is also less need for periodic desludging since the solid waste is broken down more completely. If the initial cost is too high, you can choose to add a chamber to an existing septic tank and install an outlet filter to improve its efficiency.
For more information, contact companies like Econocycle.